On August 26, 2003, the Royal Thai Government approved the establishment of the National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) to be under the supervision and management of the Ministry of Science and Technology as well as independent of bureaucratic operations, where the “Innovation Development Fund” was transferred to be the NIA’s initial investment capital. Meanwhile, the “Working Capital for Research and Technological Development” was required to be managed in accordance with the ministerial regulations of the Ministry of Science and Technology, stating that the Working Capital for Research and Technological Development, B.E. 2546 (2003) was compulsorily required to comply with the aforementioned ministerial regulations. The Ministry of Science and Technology had hence issued the Ministerial Command No. 84/2003, dated October 1, 2003, to establish the National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) monitored by the National Innovation Committee in accordance with the Ministerial Command No. 91/2003, dated October 16, 2003. The policy framework was developed exclusively for the supervision and management of a small-sized organization, as part of a strategy to stimulate greater efficiency and convenience for organizational operations.
The Royal Decree Prescribing the Establishment of the National Innovation Agency (Public Organization), B.E. 2552 (2009)
The Royal Decree prescribing the establishment of the “National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA)” was officially declared on September 2, 2009. The NIA had fully transformed itself into a public organization, with complete status of being a legal entity empowered by full authorization under Thai law. Furthermore, the NIA established a set of guidelines for the development of innovative projects in several aspects, with its strategic goal to transform the supply chain into a value chain based on the advantages of national competitiveness.
Innovation is the application of knowledge and creativity that leads to better solutions, revolutionary changes, and increased values.
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) has recognized the importance of seeking modern methods and technological factors leading to the accomplishment of “innovation” in a substantial manner. The advancement of innovation can be fostered by the entrepreneurship of business providers, the creativity of innovative people, and through the progress of science and technology. The NIA has therefore introduced “Open Innovation” guidelines by applying academic knowledge obtained from domestic and international sources into its organizational operations and management, while cooperating with private firms from both metropolitan and provincial areas via the business innovation network to foster efficient development of innovation for the Thai industrial sector. The NIA has regularly reviewed its strategic plans to ensure the appropriateness of implementation to cope effectively with changing circumstances. Implementation plans and strategies can be described as follows:
2004 The Year of Innovation Project Support System Development
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) remained firm in fostering guidelines for the development of national innovation systems aiming to support the launch of innovation-based projects, cultures, and policies, as part of its goal to stimulate the evolution of national innovation systems.
2005 The Year of Innovation Culture Promotion
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) reiterated its intention to promote enhanced development of national innovation projects, for instance, the National Innovation Award and the International Innovation Management Summit.
2006 The Year of Innovation Partnership and Network
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) urged the public and private sectors to work together in harmony. This year, the NIA successfully promoted its “Innovation Ambassador” project to strengthen the innovation network supported by innovation and technology professionals, while launching the “Innovation Market” event to assure the accomplishment of innovation development, thanks to the cooperation of the National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) and the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion (OSMEP).
2007 The Year of Innovation System Development
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) was committed to evolving Thailand’s innovation systems, emphasizing three key aspects including its innovation empowerment plan, innovation culture promotion plan, and innovation system and organization development plan. The NIA hence offered academic and financial support totaling some 117,331,099 baht, to 87 innovation development projects, which generated up to 1,031,748,862 baht of total investment value.
2008 The Year of Innovation Collaboration
The National Innovation Agency (Pubic Organization) (NIA) made a firm decision to cooperate with innovation enterprises as well as public and private firms to mutually help evolve the innovation for the country. To achieve such strategic cooperation, the NIA provided technical support and financial aid worth 49,670,270 baht for 83 innovation development projects, leading to a total investment value of 804,247,328 baht.
2009 The Year of Open Innovation Development
The National Innovation Agency (Pubic Organization) (NIA) successfully applied academic knowledge obtained from domestically and internationally renowned organizations into its operations and management. Meanwhile, the NIA collaborated with notable private companies across the country to strengthen its well-developed innovation network, aiming particularly to provide substantial benefits for the industrial sector as a whole. According to 98 innovation development projects achieved in the year, the NIA spent a total of 71,120,810 baht in supporting academic and technical innovation advancement, unveiling a massive 1,828,202,542 baht of total investment value. In addition to such progress, the NIA was honored with the “Best National Organization – Economic Development (Private Business Promotion)” Award by the National Identity Office, the Prime Minister’s Office.
2010 The Year of New Innovation Platform
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) expressed its strong determination to enhance the development and management of supply chain activities, expected to bring a new value chain to Thailand with greater innovation potential and competitiveness. This year, the NIA injected a total financial budget of 64,721,189 baht to support 123 innovation development projects, generating up to 936,369,539 baht of total investment value.
2011 The Year of Innovation Strategy Development
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) was set to propel the national economy in a highly efficient and creative manner in accordance with the government’s plan, as part of the goal to provide Thai people with enhanced stability and consistency of economy-based innovation in the long term. Significantly, the NIA fostered 119 innovation development projects with a total financial budget of 91,039,862 baht, leading to 2,979,189,454 baht of total investment value.
2012 The Year of Innovative Economy
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) was ready to use innovation as a key mechanism in substantially driving Thailand’s economic potential and competitiveness, with the expectation of seeing the country stand proudly on the world stage. The NIA reportedly offered technical support and financial aid worth 1200,245,422 baht to 261 innovation development projects in the year, which was estimated to hit 2,278,063,488 baht of total investment value.
2013 The Year of AEC Innovation
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) strongly adhered to the advancement of innovation to help Thailand demonstrate its leadership of innovation business development, while preparing outstanding entrepreneurs for joining the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). This year, 84 innovation development projects were eligible to receive the NIA’s academic and financial support worth 82,945,152 baht, totaling investment value of 2,043,720,027 baht.
2014 The Year of Global Innovation
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) was proud to promote the value of Thai innovation to be admired by people from all over the world. The NIA reiterated its intention to support and promote innovation-inspired masterpieces evolved by Thai entrepreneurs, which were also selected to join a number of international contests. In addition, the NIA offered continuing support to 90 innovation development projects worth a total budget of 80,489,637 baht and a total investment value of 2,106,745,802 baht.
2015 The Year of ‘Innovationeering’
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) recognized the importance of sustainably restructuring the national innovation system based on the collaboration of all sectors to stimulate the advancement of industrial production and services, considered a key strategy to propel Thailand to the next level of development and competitiveness. Thus, the NIA injected a total investment budget of 107,637,404 baht into 75 innovation development projects, generating a total investment value of 1,503,399,244 baht.
2016 The Year of Startup Innovation
The National Innovation Agency (Public Organization) (NIA) was assigned by the Ministry of Science and Technology to spearhead the startup business development and promotion project, as part of a goal to make Thailand a hub of startup business development and innovation. Inspired by progressive advancement of innovation, Thai startup entrepreneurs were invited to come together to raise awareness of startup development and be equipped with greater potential and competitiveness that would propel the expansion of business operations as well as the existence of emerging markets. As the startup business was poised to make a giant leap, Thailand’s economy was expected to achieve a steady and sustainable growth in the near future. In 2016, the NIA successfully advanced its innovation development plans by creating innovation potential, particularly for the economic and social sectors.
With its accomplishment in promoting the development of innovation and technology to maximize potential and competiveness for Thai businesses, the NIA was entrusted with the responsibility to lead the Thai innovation industry, acting as a key innovator to provide technical support and services, with the cooperation of the private sector, for several innovation development projects. Consequently, the NIA was honored with a number of innovation excellence awards by renowned Thai agencies:
- The “Best National Organization – Economic Development (Private Business Promotion)” Award for introducing and disseminating national outstanding innovation masterpieces, the National Identity Office, the Prime Minister’s Office.
- The “Science Excellence” Certificate for using knowledge-based science and technology to substantially add value to the Thai economy and society, the Senate Commission on Science, Technology, and Communications.
- The Runner-Up of the “Best National Innovative Organization” Award for supporting knowledgeable activities in the empowerment of innovative human resources, the Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education, the Ministry of Education